, ,
                                                           

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, (. ), . , . . () ., . . 6570 /100 , pH = 6,97,5, 1,0301,032 /3, (%): 87,4, 0,91, 1,23, 3,76, 6,29, 0,31; , , D.
. .-. . . , . , , , , , , , , . . .-. , , . . : , , , (), ( . . ), , , , , , , . . , , . . , . . (. .).
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( %)
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||||ꠠ||||-----|
||堠||----------------------------------------|頠|堠||-----|
|堠|ࠠ|𠠠||蠠|𠠠|ࠠ|(100)*|-----|
||||||||||
||||||||||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|13,0|3,9|2,7|0,5|4,7|0,7|69||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|17,9|7,7|3,8|0,7|4,8|0,8|110||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|󠠠|15,9|7,0|3,7|0,5|3,5|0,8|98||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|17,8|6,8|3,6|0,7|5,0|0,9|104||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|10,7|1,8|1,2|0,9|6,4|0,3|52||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|13,6|4,5|2,6|0,9|4,9|0,7|76||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|9,9|1,4|0,9|1,0|6,2|0,5|46||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||33,8|18,7|8,3|2,0|3,6|1,4|230||
||||||||||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|18,5|7,2|4,5|1,2|4,6|0,9|109||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|13,4|4,3|3,0|0,6|4,5|0,8|73||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||16,0|4,6|6,0|1,2|3,1|1,1|85||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|30,6|10,5|13,5|2,0|2,0|2.,6|170||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|23,0|9,3|4,1|5,6|3,1|0,9|141||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|17,8|3,3|3,1|6,0|4,9|0,5|91||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|51,2|43,7||||0,5|||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|37,6|22,2|8,2|3,8|1,8|1,7|264||
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* 1 = 4, 19 .
. , () . (, , ) (, , ) . . 75 % , 5065 %. . , . . , . . , ; . , ; , . 7596 % . ( 0,05 %) . : , , , .
. 0,5 20 ( 3 . 1 ). , , . . , , . (2734C) ( 17 21 ), ; ( ). . : ( , , ) ( ). . , ( .), , , . . . . . Ca, , Na, , Mg, S, Cl .; Ca (125130 100 ) (95105 100 ). . , . . . . Zn, , Cu, Mn, I, Fe, Al, Cr, Pb, Ti, Ag . . , , . . , . . 60 ( , , , , , ), . . . (, , , , .), , (, , .), (CO2, O2, H2, NH3), . . , , . . , , , , . , , . (. ), ; . (. ). . () , . . . . 23 , 8 , 2 . . 1618 (). 2830 . , 6570 .
. . . , ( ), ( ., .) (100 1 ) 3,2 %; . 6 % , . 1 % , . . . 2021 ( 25 ), 8 , 23 . . 3,2 % 3,5 % ( ), 10 . . ( ) 250500 , 500700 .
. . , . . , . ., ( . . ), - . . , . ., 7 (). . , (. ), , , .

.: . ., , 2 ., ., 1962; . ., . ., , ., 1965; ., , [. .], ., 1971; , . 2, ., 1971; . ., , 4 ., ., 1973.
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