, ,
                                                           

()
( . grammata )
. . . .
. , ; , . ., 19 . 1- 20 . . (10- , , 1958) , .
, . , (. ), . . .
, , . 1897, . . . , 21% , 9 27% ( 12 16%, 5 6% ).
. , . . 26 1919, 8 50 , , .
, , (. ). 1923 1939 50 . 40 . . 13 (19261939) . . . 1 2.
. 1. 949
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|堠|蠠|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||1897|1926|1939|1959|1970|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|:||||||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||66,1|88,0|97,1|99,5|99,9|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||45,7|73,9|90,7|98,1|99,8|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||57,0|80,9|93,8|98,7|99,8|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|:||||||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||35,5|67,3|91,6|99,1|99,6|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||12,5|35,4|76,8|97,5|99,4|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||23,8|50,6|84,0|98,2|99,5|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|蠠||||||
|:||||||
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||40,3|71,5|93,5|99,3|99,8|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||16,6|42,7|81,6|97,8|99,7|
|-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||28,4|56,6|87,4|98,5|99,7|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

. 2. 949 ( 1970)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
||堠|堠|11堠|
||||堠|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||||||||
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,6|98,2|99,1|97,1|99,3|97,7|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,7|98,7|99,5|98,9|99,6|98.8|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,6|98,7|99,4|98,6|99,5|98,6|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,0|97,1|98,9|97,5|99,0|97,3|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|98,9|95,2|98,7|95,0|98,8|95,1|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,5|98,5|99,3|98,7|99,4|98,6|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||99,0|95,8|98,7|96,1|98,8|96,0|
|Р|||||||
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99.3|98,5|98,6|97,9|98,9|98.1|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|98,6|95,5|99,3|97,0|99,1|96,8|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,6|99,2|99,0|98,1|99,4|98,8|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,1|96,8|99,0|97,2|99,0|97,0|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|97,9|93,7|98,0|95,1|98,0|94,6|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,2|97,6|99,3|97,6|99,2|97,6|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|98,1|93,5|97,3|93,2|97,7|93,4|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Р|99,8|99,6|99,4|99,4|99,7|99,5|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

, . . (, , , , , .).
. , . . , . (1962), 120 ., ( 80% ); ( ) 350 . ( 50%), 44 . ( 80%). 5060%. 1965, , 750 . . 3,5 . . 1966 (, 1965) (8 ).
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. . .
, . , , , ( ).
; . : ( ); ; . -; ; .
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: 1897 22,9% ( 31,4%, 5,7%). :
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, , , , .
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. .
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2. . . 2 3 . , . . .
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.
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