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- ; , , . 2- 20 ., - , , , (. . 1). (. ) , , , ; , .
. 1. ( 7 . ; . ).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
||1900|1920|1940|1960|1970|1980|
|||||||()|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||0,72|1,34|1,88|2,09|2,28|2,42,7|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||0,03|0,14|0,45|1,37|3,07|3,54,5|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|砠|0,01|0,03|0,12|0,63|1,47|2,53,0|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|1|0,02|0,03|0,07|0,28|0,46|0,60|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|1|||||0,03|0,600,70|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|2|0,50|0,60|0,70|0,70|0,65|0,60|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||1,28|2,14|3,22|5,07|7,96|1112|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 . 2 .
- . , , , , . , , , . ( , ), , .
. . , , . , , , . ; .; ., . , - . 30- . . . . . . , . . , . . , . . -, . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . . . . . . , , CO , , - . , - , ; - .
: , , ( ); , , - . . . , . . , . . . 6,6 . . 1965 12,3 . . 1977, 30% . 70- . . 30% .
. 70- . 2- , , , , (. . 2).
. 2. .
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
||1913|1940|1950|1960|1970|1977|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||2,0|48,6|91,2|292,3|740,9|1150,1|
|,.|||||||
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|..蠠|0,04|5,3|12,7|50,9|124,4|147,0|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|堠|48,2|237,9|311,2|692,8|1221,8|1726,5|
|7|||||||
|.;.򠠠|||||||
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|:|||||||
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|,頠|14,7|44,5|54,2|211,4|502,5|780,5|
|򠠠|||||||
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|砠||4,4|7,3|54,4|233,5|410,0|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||23,1|140,5|205,7|373,1|432,7|486,0|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|10,4|48,5|44,0|53,9|53,1|50,0|
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, - (. ). . - . (. . 3).
. 3 .
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
||1940|1950|1960|1970|1975|
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|,..ࠠ|280|355|695|1160|1465|
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|:||||||
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|頠|47,5|93,5|239|482|600|
|蠠||||||
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ|232,5|261,5|456|678|865|
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|,%󠠠|83,5|74,0|65,5|58,4|59,1|
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, 28% (197177).
. , . .
. , , , (. . 4).
. 4. *
( ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|蠠|⠠|||à|蠠||
||堠||||蠠||
||||||||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|𠠠|6933|2200|500|328|277|204|
|(1967),.|||||||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|⠠|8639|2464|450|367|321|251|
|(1975),..ࠠ|||||||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|:|||||||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|,,|2507|471|78|119|129|43|
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||3570|952|326|181|131|153|
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|砠|1849|867|13|53|47|29|
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|-|713|174|33|14|14|26|
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